Hotline: +7800 5555 605
We are able to respond to inquiries every day from 10:00 to 18:30 (MSK)
The icon depicts three great preachers, followers of Christ and glorified His Great Teaching. This is Gregory the Theologian, John Chrysostom and Basil the Great. In the Christian world, they are called the Fathers of the Church.
The surnames of the Three Saints give them the most accurate personal definitions: Great - the greatness of the teacher, educator, theoretician; Theologian (only three ascetics in this whole Christian history were awarded this name: the beloved disciple of Christ, the holy Evangelist John, St. Gregory and Saint Simeon the New, who lived in the eleventh century) - the inspiration of the poet of sorrow and suffering and the theologian of life rather than a dogmatist; Zlatoust is the gold of the mouth of an ascetic and martyr, an ardent and sarcastic orator, talented and brilliant.
The Three Hierarchs were the most beloved and revered hierarchs in Byzantium: the teachings of the Three Saints, their theological writings, and they themselves were perceived by the Church as a solid foundation of the Orthodox faith, necessary in the days of spiritual vacillation and disorganization. An example of their own struggle against the modern heresy of the IV century is also relevant in the church situation of the ХII century. On the right of the Three Saints, an Orthodox holiday was established, the canons, verse epigrams were composed.
Until now, the Orthodox Church has served the Liturgy, the core of which is the Anaphora (Eucharistic Canon) - composed by John Chrysostom and Basil the Great. The prayers prayed by Basil the Great and John Chrysostom, we read in the morning and evening rule.
St. Gregory the Theologian
St. Gregory the Theologian (326-389) was the son of Gregory (later Bishop of Nazian) and Nonna, a woman of high moral standards, who before the birth of her son promised to dedicate it to God and used all efforts to persuade his will to serve the Lord. The education given to him by his mother, St. Gregory was considered most important for himself. At the age of 26, Saint Gregory was baptized. With outstanding abilities, St. Gregory received an excellent education: he studied at the schools of Caesarea of Palestine, where there was a rich library assembled by the martyr Pamphilus in Alexandria, where he studied the creations of Origen, and finally, in Athens.
St. Gregory was a close friend of St. Basil the Great, whose friendship he considered more useful than the highest school. The holy friends in Athens had one room, one way of life; they knew only two roads: one led to the temple of God, the other to the school. In Athens, St. Gregory met Julian (renamed "The Departed", who, having become emperor, renounced Christianity and tried, was to revive paganism in the Roman Empire (361-363 gg.), And left a living image of this evil and treacherous enemy of the Church .
Thinking about God, praying, reading the word of God, writing inspirational words and singing, and serving the aged parents were his occupation. For some time he spent with his friend Vasily in his desert and this time was considered the happiest in life. His father, who was already a bishop, needed an assistant, summoned him from the Vasiliev desert to Nazianzus and ordained him to the presbyter. Even this rank so frightened Gregory with the height and weight of his duties, that he retired to the solitude of the desert. Calm down there the excitement of the spirit, he returned to his father and took over the priestly ministry, consoling that he, serving God, helps the elderly parent in his concerns about the flock.
For his remarkable theological creations, St. Gregory received from the Church the honorary title of the Theologian and the universal teacher, and for the ability to penetrate thought to the deepest secrets of faith and express its incomprehensible truths with clear clarity and strict precision, the Church in one of the prayers calls him the highest mind. His sermons are full of such poetry that many of the phrases from them were used (by St. John Damaskin and others) for the festive chants. The imperishable particles of the relics of St. Gregory still exude a wonderful fragrance.
January 30 (February 12, according to a new style) The Orthodox Church celebrates the memory of the holy Ecumenical teachers and saints Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian and John Chrysostom.